ISIS and the threat to Turkey


The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) seized the Turkish consulate in Mosul, Iraq last week, abducting 49 people, including several diplomats, guards, and others. Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu stated that Turkey would retaliate if any Turkish citizen were harmed, warning ISIS should not "test Turkey's resolve." Ankara also requested an emergency NATO meeting, after which Secretary-General Rasmussen said that NATO would not hesitate to defend and protect Turkey.

The Turkish government is clearly alarmed by the crisis in Iraq. ISIS has threatened Turkish national security since it emerged as a key player in Syria, particularly after it took control over the strategic town of Jarablus in January. Now, the militant group seems to have increased its control over Turkey's bordering towns in Iraq as well. So why does Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan insist on referring to ISIS as an "entity," while avoiding calling it a terrorist organization?

ISIS may have become a security threat to Turkey, but many blame the very existence of this threat on the ruling Justice and Development party (AKP) itself. Turkey's open-door policy since the beginning of the Syrian crisis has allowed many Syrians jihadists to freely enter its territory, and Ankara has been accused of turning a blind eye, if not direct support, to foreign jihadists in its territory. Syrian Kurds continue to argue that Turkey provided Sunni jihadists, including ISIS, with arms and sanctuary. They allege that Turkey has done this to counter the Kurdish militant group People's Protection Unit (YPG), which it regards as the Syrian arm of the Kurdish terrorist group that has long plagued Turkey, the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK).

It's not only foreigners who fault the Turkish government on this issue. In an address to his party meeting on June 17, Kemal Kilicdaroglu, Turkey's main opposition leader, openly accused Erdogan of supporting ISIS, saying that for the first time in history Turkey has become a country that supports terrorism. "The biggest terror attack in our history was done by al Qaeda in 2003, and yet so many foreign al Qaeda fighters have crossed over to the Middle East from Turkey. We have paid the price for this, and we continue paying it," Kilicdaroglu said. Following the speech, the Republican People's Party (CHP) submitted a proposal to the parliament for an inquiry into ISIS funding by Turkey.

On the same day, Devlet Bahceli, leader of the Turkish Nationalist Party (MHP), also made a similar speech. Calling the apparent shift in the government's Syria policy the product of "a late confession of remorse," he explained that those who helped and provided support to ISIS in Syria are now primarily responsible for the blood that is being shed. "Unfortunately the AKP is in this mess and it is a rotten ring of this dark hand that has inflamed this ISIS monster. The AKP's Syria policy is the reason why our borders are now filled with radical and savage elements," Bahceli said.

Ankara has denied all accusations, charging instead that the West is to be blamed for not intervening in Syria when the civil war first erupted, or even after Syrian president Bashar al Assad crossed the American red line by his alleged use of chemical weapons. Still, Ankara has indicated a shift in Turkish policy by condemning extremism in Syria and pledging to tighten its border control efforts. Arguably, most of this has remained in rhetoric as Turkey's borders still seem open to jihadists. It's also worth questioning why Ankara designated Jabhat al-Nusra, another al-Qaeda linked militant group, as a terrorist organization on June 3, but not ISIS. However, it now appears clear that Ankara at least acknowledges that it cannot contain the extremism problem that it helped create.

Turkish officials are now reportedly holding talks with ISIS for the return of the hostages. But the problem goes beyond freeing the diplomats. On the same day the Turkish consulate was seized, ISIS also captured 28 Turkish truck drivers who were carrying diesel from Turkey to a thermal power plant in Mosul. On Tuesday June 17, ISIS abducted another 15 Turkish citizens. ISIS is not expected to relinquish these Turks any time soon.

Finally, there is an open question as to whether Turkey's dangerous border policies have already allowed foreign terrorists to establish cells inside Turkey. With ISIS expanding its control over key provinces in Iraq and Syria, Turkey will need to recalibrate its policies if it is to escape this current crisis unscathed.



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READER COMMENTS: "ISIS and the threat to Turkey"

Posted by chris at June 21, 2014 11:31 PM ET:


interesting to think that Turkey now depends on a strong Kurdish millitary to buffer its borders from hostility

Posted by Paul at June 22, 2014 6:39 AM ET:

Turkey has certainly helped create the monster of ISIS, aligning w/ them in the goal of unseating Assad.

Posted by Abu Adam at June 22, 2014 11:40 AM ET:

Turkey is well aware that it must watch its step with ISIS because there are many Turks fighting for this powerful and successful group.

There are also many Jihadist cells in Turkey and many fighting for jihadist groups in the Caucuses, who will return to Turkey to aid ISIS.

If Turkey takes any hostile action against ISIS, the war will quickly spill over into Turkish territory, and economically-prosperous Turkey (compared to economically-depressed Europe) will quickly become war-torn and economically-unprosperous Turkey.

Furthermore, if Turkey takes any action against ISIS, it will be seen taking sides with the Shi'a and against the Sunnis.

The conclusion is that secular and pro-Western Turkey is just as paralyzed as the US and the West in general when it comes to fighting ISIS.

Truly, it is to late for Turkey, the West and even Iran to do anything. The Khilafa (Caliphate) has re-emerged and there is no stopping it. Allahu Akbar!!! :)

Posted by Colin at June 22, 2014 4:17 PM ET:

Hopefully the Kurds are and can provide intelligence to Turkey on who has the hostages and where they are, along with other target information. That was the Kurds and Turkey can have a working covert relationship that might help in the future.

Posted by Aydin at June 22, 2014 10:52 PM ET:

Turkey has evolved into a power that puts its own interests first.
Gone are the days when actions were are knee jerk reaction to emotions.

Posted by M. Muthuswamy at June 23, 2014 2:41 PM ET:

Abu:

Yesterday's victories are not always representative of tomorrow's and vice versa.

You all think sharia is your trump card. We will make sure that it is your fatal liability.

Mark these words: the dream of Caliphate will die a final death, as Muslims realize that the narrative of sharia as all-embracing divine law is a fraud, in that this narrative is designed to keep the Muslims oppressed and poor.

Posted by Winston at June 23, 2014 4:42 PM ET:

M. Muthuswamy the Sharia for the Wahhabis like Abu Adam has become the calf in the 2d Sura of the Quran, the one that replaced Moses while he was away.
They just want rest of Muslim world to become like Gulf region before thy discovered oil-i.e. a dump!

The golden age of Islam was because of a mindset completely alien to them. Those Muslims were very sophisticated and open minded.

Posted by jack brown at June 26, 2014 11:25 PM ET:

muthu and winston: I think you guys missed abu adam's sarcasm.

Posted by Mohammed at July 2, 2014 12:40 AM ET:

Are we to understand the Sunni Arabic Caliphate will share power or oil with the Turkish Sunni Caliphate?
All I can say is Ha Ha Ha, it will never happen, Arabs don't trust Turks.