Lashkar-e-Taiba leader Hafiz Saeed.
The Pakistani police have placed Hafiz Saeed, the founder and leader of the Lashkar-e-Taiba, under house arrest for the second time in less than a year.
Police have posted themselves outside Saeed’s home in the Johar neighborhood of the eastern city of Lahore in Punjab province. The move came just days after police in Faisalbad registered charges against Saeed for preaching jihad and soliciting money for terrorist actions.
There is no official order to place Saeed under house arrest, according to Saeed’s spokesman.
“There are no written orders but he is not allowed to go out of his home,” Yahya Mujahid, Saeed’s spokesman, told Reuters. “He has been barred from performing his religious duty, it is against basic human rights.”
The placement of Saeed under house arrest follows the breakdown of negotiations between India and Pakistan after India accused Pakistan of failing to rein in known terrorists such as Saeed. Pakistan’s interior minister also announced that seven of the main Lashkar-e-Taiba suspects involved in the Mumbai terror assault would be prosecuted.
Saeed is wanted by the Indian government for his involvement in the deadly terror assault on Mumbai in late November 2008 that killed more than 170 people and locked down the city for more than 60 hours. India has repeatedly presented evidence to Pakistan to aid in his prosecution, but the Pakistani government has continued to claim that the evidence is insufficient to call for the arrest and prosecution of Saeed.
The Pakistani government also placed Saeed under house arrest 10 months ago. In mid-December 2008, Saeed was placed under a loose house arrest after the United Nations Security Council declared the Jamaat-ud-Dawa both a terrorist entity and a front group for the Lashkar-e-Taiba.
Saeed was released from house arrest on June 2, 2009, after a three-judge panel of the Lahore High Court said the Punjab provincial government and the federal government had failed to provide sufficient evidence to keep him in custody. The release of Saeed was celebrated in Pakistani jihadi circles and angered the Indians.
On Aug. 3, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the country’s highest court, indefinitely suspended hearings on the government’s appeal of Saeed’s release.
Background on Saeed and Lashkar-e-Taiba’s extensive links with al Qaeda and Pakistan’s military intelligence service
Saeed and the Laskkar-e-Taiba have strong links with elements within Pakistan’s military and the Inter-Service Intelligence agency, or ISI.
Osama bin Laden and his mentor Abdullah Azzam encouraged Saeed to form Lashkar-e-Taiba in the late 1980s, and helped fund the establishment of the terror outfit. Lashkar-e-Taiba, like al Qaeda, practices the Wahabi strain of Islam, and receives funding from Saudis and other wealthy individuals throughout the Middle East.
Lashkar-e-Taiba is an ally of al Qaeda; the two groups provide support for each other, and their operatives train in each other’s camps. Lashkar-e-Taiba has established training camps in Pakistan’s Northwest Frontier Province and the tribal areas, and also maintains camps in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and the Northern Areas.
Lashkar-e-Taiba has an extensive network in Southern and Southeast Asia, where it seeks to establish a Muslim caliphate. The group essentially runs a state within a state in Pakistan; the group has established an organization that is as effective as Lebanese Hezbollah. Its sprawling Murdike complex, just northwest of Lahore in Punjab province, is a town of its own. Throughout Pakistan and Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Lashkar-e-Taiba runs numerous hospitals, clinics, schools, mosques, and other services. In support of its activities, Lashkar is active in fundraising across the Middle East and South Asia, and the group has recruited scores of Westerners to train in its camps.
In 2005, the group succeeded in providing aid to earthquake-ravaged regions in Kashmir while the Pakistani government was slow to act. Most recently, Lashkar-e-Taiba provided relief to tens of thousands of internally displaced persons who fled the fighting between the military and the Taliban in the Malakand Division.
Jamaat-ud-Dawa has long been known to be a front for the Lashkar-e-Taiba. Saeed renamed the Lashkar-e-Taiba as “Jamaat-ud-Dawa” in 2002 after Lashkar was supposedly banned by the Pakistani government.
In reality, Saeed and his leaders rebranded the group as a Muslim charity to mask the operations of Lashkar-e-Taiba. Saeed has been arrested several times by Pakistani security forces after attacks in India, but each time has been quietly released. After Mumbai, Pakistan claimed to shut down Lashkar-e-Taiba / Jamaat-ud-Dawa offices and camps, and detained followers, but the efforts were largely cosmetic.
The Lashkar-e-Taiba is one of the primary terror groups used by Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence agency to direct military and terror operations inside India and Indian-held Kashmir. During the 1999 Kargil War, when Pakistan invaded Indian-held Kashmir, the Lashkar-e-Taiba fought as the vanguard for Pakistani forces in the mountainous region. To this day, Lashkar-e-Taiba military and terror units continue to infiltrate into Kashmir, with the help of Pakistan’s military.
Earlier this year, Lashkar-e-Taiba took credit for the fighting in Kupwara, and threatened India with the possibility of new attacks. “The gun battles should serve as a message to India that the struggle for Kashmir’s freedom is on with full vigour,” spokesman Abdullah Ghaznavi said in late March. Seven Indian soldiers and 25 Lashkar fighters were killed in the battles in Kupwara.
India’s Army chief said Lashkar-e-Taiba still operates 40 to 50 camps in Kashmir and Pakistan.
Pakistan has never acted meaningfully against Lashkar-e-Taiba / Jamaat-ud-Dawa. Instead, the pattern has been to place Saeed under house arrest and claim to shut down the group’s facilities, then later release Saeed and allow the reopening of the group’s offices and camps.
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