US Central Command (CENTCOM) announced today that Fawaz Muhammad Jubayr al-Rawi, a facilitator who handled millions of dollars for the Islamic State, was killed in a June 16 airstrike in Abu Kamal, Syria.
Al-Rawi is the latest senior Islamic State figure to be taken out in eastern Syria, which has become an especially important stronghold for the jihadists. The US has conducted a series of airstrikes and other operations targeting key personnel in Deir Ezzor province.
Al-Rawi’s importance was demonstrated in Dec. 2016, when the US and Iraqi governments jointly targeted his financial network. He was designated as a terrorist in what American officials described as the “first US actions specifically targeting” Islamic State-affiliated “money services businesses.”
The US Treasury Department also designated two companies involved in moving money for the self-declared caliphate: the Selselat al Thahab Money Exchange, based in Iraq, and the Hanifa Currency Exchange in Abu Kamal. Hanifa was “owned and operated” by al-Rawi.
In addition to work he did through Hanifa, al-Rawi leveraged his “network of global financial contacts to move money into and out of ISIS-controlled territory and across borders on behalf of the group,” according to CENTCOM.
He helped pay “foreign terrorist fighters” and “conduct weapons and ammunition deals at a time when the terrorist group was seizing land and committing atrocities across Syria and Iraq.” In 2015, his farm was used for “weekly meetings” attended by “senior” jihadists and commanders.
Al-Rawi rose through the so-called caliphate’s ranks and was considered a “finance emir” as of mid-2016, the US military says.
Treasury described the extensive money handling al-Rawi oversaw on behalf of the Islamic State’s operations.
He established Hanifa in approximately 2010, years before Abu Bakr al Baghdadi’s men rose to power. At the time, he used it to “exchange currency between exchange houses in” Abu Kamal and Turkey. After joining Baghdadi’s enterprise, however, Hanifa “was used exclusively for” the Islamic State’s “transactions.” Al-Rawi “stored large amounts of cash,” “controlled the value of” US dollars in Abu Kamal, “facilitated [Islamic State] financial operations and oversaw money exchanges, money storage, and facilitation of payments” for the group’s fighters.
Al-Rawi pledged bay’ah (oath of allegiance) to the Islamic State in 2014. And the group considered his fealty “important due to his contacts outside of Syria,” according to Treasury.
Abu Bakr al Baghdadi’s operation took control of much of eastern Syria in 2014, winning the loyalty of key commanders who had been previously associated with Al Nusrah Front. Other Al Nusrah officials who refused to bend a knee to Baghdadi were either killed or vanquished to elsewhere in Syria.
Islamic State hub in eastern Syria
While the jihadists have had a base of operations in eastern Syria for several years, the area has become especially significant as the group has lost ground elsewhere. The US military’s campaign of targeted operations has taken out several noteworthy leaders in recent months. The territory in and around Mayadin is a base of operations for the so-called caliphate, as evidenced by the personnel stationed there.
CENTCOM describes three veteran jihadist personalities as “al-Rawi’s close terrorist associates.” They are Samir Idris, Abdurakhmon Uzbeki, and Abd al-Basit al-Iraqi. Two of them — Idris and Uzbeki — were hunted down near Mayadin.
Idris, “a key ISIS financial facilitator for external terror attacks and an international money launderer,” was killed on June 7. CENTCOM says Idris “was trusted by senior ISIS leadership to move funds across borders to pay for external terror attacks.”
Uzbeki, a “close associate” of Baghdadi, was also involved in facilitating international terrorist attacks, including the New Year’s massacre at the Reina night club in Istanbul, Turkey. He was killed on Apr. 6.
Al-Iraqi, the emir of the Islamic State’s “Middle East external networks,” was killed on Nov. 12, 2016 in Raqqa, Syria. He “was responsible for attacks across the Middle East, including against American, Turkish, and other European targets of interest, and was also involved in assassination plots, hostage situations, convoy reconnaissance, and helped arm, fund and move terrorist fighters,” according to CENTCOM.
Still another jihadist killed near Mayadin was Abu Asim al-Jazaeri, who perished in an airstrike on May 11. The US military says that al-Jazaeri, a French-Algerian man, was an “ISIS external operations planner” and also a trainer in the organization’s “Cubs of the Caliphate” program, which is responsible for indoctrinating “a new generation” of youths.
Earlier today, the Islamic State released several images (seen below) of young boys attending “Cubs of the Caliphate” classes in Mayadin. While al-Jazaeri is believed to be dead and the jihadists are under increasing pressure from most sides, the pictures are intended to convey a sense that the caliphate goes on.
For more on the senior Islamic State figures mentioned above, as well as others killed during recent strikes in or near Mayadin, see FDD’s Long War Journal reports:
Images released by the Islamic State today from the “Cubs of the Caliphate” classes in Mayadin, Syria: