US, Iraqi troops killed 41 Mahdi Army fighters in Baghdad clashes


Iraqi Army soldiers from the 42nd Brigade, 11th Iraqi Army Division, prepare to leave their combat patrol base in the Sadr City District of Baghdad to conduct a mounted patrol on April 21. (US Air Force photo/Technical Sergeant Adrian Cadiz)

US and Iraqi troops continue to battle the Mahdi Army in Baghdad. Forty-one Mahdi Army fighters were killed in recent clashes in Baghdad and Hussaniyah. Twenty-two were killed in a single engagement as they attack a checkpoint in Baghdad. Most of the Mahdi Army fighters were killed as they attacked checkpoints and patrols during a sandstorm in Baghdad.

Mahdi Army fighters used the sandstorm to take advantage of the lack of air cover to attack US and Iraqi positions in eastern and northeastern Baghdad. Helicopters, fighters, and unmanned aerial vehicles were grounded due to lack of visibility. The biggest clash occurred on Sunday after a “large group of criminals” attacked a joint Iraqi and US Army checkpoint in a region in northeastern Baghdad with small-arms fire. Twenty-two Mahdi Army fighters were killed after the soldiers at the checkpoint returned fire. A US Abrams tank was also involved in the fighting. “The criminals’ small-arms fire was ineffective and there were no U.S. Soldier or ISF [Iraqi Security Forces] casualties in the attack,” Multinational Forces Iraq reported in a press release on the incident.

The same day, US soldiers killed 16 Mahdi Army fighters during a series of engagements in northeastern Baghdad. Mahdi Army fighters attacked patrols with small-arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades. In several instances, Mahdi Army fighters engaged US Abrams tanks, with no effect. No US casualties were reported in the fighting.

On April 26, Iraq soldiers from the 37th Iraqi Army Reconnaissance killed three Special Groups fighters in the town of Hussaniyah north of Baghdad. Hussaniyah has been a hotbed of Mahdi Army activity in the recent past, and Iraqi and US troops are conducting operation in the town “to disrupt Special Groups leadership by limiting their ability to coordinate large scale operations against Iraqi and Coalition forces.” Iraqi troops killed nine Mahdi Army fighters in Hussaniyah on April 22.

The Mahdi Army has suffered a heavy toll during the fighting over the past eight day since Muqtada al Sadr, the leader of the Mahdi Army, threatened to conduct a third armed uprising. US and Iraqi troops have killed 151 Mahdi Army fighters in northeastern Baghdad since Sadr issued his threat on April 20.

Bill Roggio is a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and the Editor of The Long War Journal.



  • KaneKaizer says:

    Good. Slaughter them.

  • AMac says:

    NPR reported on these events on “Morning Edition” this morning. The lead was, “38 people killed in Iraq in the past 24 hours”. If the listener changed stations or stopped paying attention after the first few paragraphs, the impression would have been, ugh, more violence, bombings, civilians dead, whatever. Deep in the story, most fatalities are admitted to be “militants.”
    The quote above is actually a paraphrase, because the version of this story at the website has a revised lede akin to, “In Baghdad, the U.S. military is reporting the deaths of 38 Iraqi militants who launched attacks during a sandstorm. ”
    Progress of a sort in media reporting.

  • Alex says:

    This has to be causing some morale problems in the JAM.
    On another note, might I suggest that people here write letters to the editor of your local newspaper, and ask why this story was not covered.

  • David M says:

    The Thunder Run has linked to this post in the blog post From the Front: 04/28/2008 News and Personal dispatches from the front lines.

  • Dan R. says:

    Nice goin’, guys. Kill ’em all.

  • ST333 says:

    You can’t tell me the Mahdi Army and “special groups” aren’t demoralized with their failures over the last few weeks/months. Well done US and IA

  • Marlin says:

    This doesn’t sound as far-fetched as it might have 6 months ago.

    A few days ago, there were two suspiciously coordinated statements emerging from Iraq. Muqtada al-Sadr made open-war threats followed immediately by a similar threat from al-Qaeda.
    As they say, there is usually no smoke without fire.
    Respected Iraqi writer and lawyer Suleiman Hakim (a prominent writer regularly published on the leading Iraqi politics and culture website Kitabat ) reported on April 11th -more than a week before Sadr and Abu Ayyub made their threats- about serious negotiations taking place between Sadr’s movement and a leader of the Islamic army group.
    The meetings, Hakim believes, are taking place in Syria and Lebanon and are sponsored by a special Syrian security apparatus specialized in Iraqi affairs.

    Iraq the Model: Are Sadr and Al-Qaeda Teaming Up in Iraq?

  • Marlin,
    I posted that on an earlier story. Still awaiting word from Bill or DJ if this is valid or not.

  • Daryl says:

    US/Iraq 150 Mahdi Army/Iran 0

  • bubarooni says:

    even better than the npr report mentioned earlier was a story i heard from a bbc reporter on the way home tonight.
    the basic precept was those clever sadrists launched big attacks over the weekend using the big sandstorm as cover, which blinded the technology dependent americans and iraqis.
    never did hear how many sadrists got waxed.

  • Mark Merat says:

    “to disrupt Special Groups leadership”–>Roggio
    Bill, can you elaborate on this? What specifically is the EXACT evidence for Iranian tactical command of these battlefields?

  • Matthew says:

    (151 dead % 9 days) * 365 days/year = ~6125 dead/yr
    That’s a war of attrition the Mahdi Army can’t win. Even when there’s a sandstorm and no air cover for Coalition and Iraqi troops, they lose…

  • SoldiersDad says:

    “Mark Morat”
    “Bill, can you elaborate on this? What specifically is the EXACT evidence for Iranian tactical command of these battlefields?”
    We are five years into this thing..mortars are coming from ‘somewhere’. We still haven’t trained the IA in “mortars”. Hence…we aren’t supplying the mortars…anything left from the Saddam era has already been spent. Iran has its own homegrown mortars…not a NATO round, not a Warsaw pact round.
    People who manufactuer military grade exploives aren’t exactly allowed to sell to whoever they feel like…governments oversee this stuff.

  • anand says:

    IA has begun 60 mm mortar training. There are also reports that 8th IAD has begun training on 81 mm mortars.
    Still, basically agree with SD2’s comments.
    motown67, although IRGC Kuds provides training, money and support, I don’t think they have “tactical command.”
    Had a discussion with friends about JAM’s budget (operational including payroll + equipment.) What would be a good estimate? What expensive equipment and ammunition does JAM require?
    Matthew, what really matters is how many experienced cadre (including officers) are being injured and killed. I don’t know the answer to that question. Let us also recognize that many “JAM” in Iraq are not fighting. This is good news.
    Another point to remember is that many powerful dangerous militias are not “JAM.” Many of these are Iranian backed. It isn’t JAM/non JAM. It is dangerous rogue militia (in many but not all cases linked to IRGC Kuds) versus everyone else (including moderate Muqtada followers.)

  • anand says:

    We should also remember that the October election results will be critical. I wonder how Muqtada performs. I think he wins between 15% and 30% of the national vote.

  • DJ Elliott says:

    JAM’s support is in the Shia Arab comunity of Iraq.
    That is 60% of the population of Iraq.
    For them to get 15-30% of the national vote would require them to get 25-50% of the Shia Arab vote.
    Sadr’s support on the ground does not come close to that. Even the US press, which regularly exagerate JAM’s strength, does not give them that much power…
    JAM is not a large party and it has no pull outside of the shia arab community. There are 275 members of the CoR and JAM currently has 30 seats as part of a deal.
    And if they keep arms, they will not be on the ballot. The rest of the CoR says so. I do not expect JAM to retain the number of seats they currently have.

  • DJ Elliott says:

    Actually, they are training the new Divisions on 60mm mortars. They have started the 81mm training (with 8th Div).
    But, SD is right about Iranian weapons. They have unique design characteristics in their mortars, rockets, and RPGs. (E.G. They like to put a little WP in the warheads. Also ball-bearings to cause more AP frag. The fins on their 81mm mortar rounds are not detachable. Etc.)
    And they are not just showing up in Shia hands…

  • mj says:

    The local news where I live “reported” that four U.S. soldiers were killed in Iraq yesterday. However they neglected to mention the 48 Mahdi criminals we took out.
    We are taking some casualties, however this is to be expected since the points of contact have increased substantially over the last month. Once the US/IA has sufficient time to cordon off Sadr City and dismantle the Mahdi command, I’m confident troop casualties will be reduced to pre-April levels, maybe even the lowest levels of the war (I hope).

  • More rat killin’

    41 Mahdi Army fighters killed in Baghdad clashes. The bad news is that these mahdi cowards used the sand storm as cover to launch a barrage of chinese made 107 mm rockets and 82 mm mortar shells into the Green Zone. 4 U.S. soldiers were killed during…

  • Matthew says:

    Thanks for pointing out the 4 U.S. deaths was part of the clashes, I thought they had died during mortar attacks on the Green Zone (still part of the overall context of the battle, though) so I didn’t discuss it.
    That’s some hard fighting there.

  • Marlin says:

    Some details about the wall being built in Sadr City.

    U.S. forces are erecting a 10-ft high concrete barrier to control access into and out of southern neighborhoods of Sadr City.
    The barrier, which when finished will stretch 3 miles, has come under fire from the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and from anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, whose Mahdi Army militia controls much of Baghdad.
    Chinese-made 107 mm Katyushas have a range of about five miles, while 82 mm mortars can exceed three miles. Much of the Green Zone is more than five miles from firing positions beyond the new wall.

    Washington Times: Shi’ite fighters delay barrier

  • Rhyno327/lrsd says:

    The Mahdi are playing right into US hands-or plans? They will be whipped whenever they engage in force. Theres that many more to eliminate. Good goin’ boys.

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