United States

Mohamed Osman Mohamud, a naturalized US citizen from Somalia, was found guilty of attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction at a Christmas tree-lighting ceremony in Portland, Ore. He had been arrested by undercover agents posing as al Qaeda operatives. The US Ambassador to Pakistan said the Taliban can be part of Afghanistan’s future if they end violence, break ties with al Qaeda, and accept the Afghan constitution.


Islamic state



Al shabaab

Boko Haram