Al Nusrah Front commanded Free Syrian Army unit, 'Chechen emigrants,' in assault on Syrian air defense base


The Al Nusrah Front for the People of the Levant, an al Qaeda-linked jihadist group that is fighting Bashir al Assad's regime in Syria, commanded a Free Syrian Army unit and "Chechen emigrants" during last week's assault on a Syrian air defense and Scud missile base in Aleppo. The base was overrun by Al Nusrah and its allies.

The Al Nusrah Front claimed credit for the Oct. 11 assault on the base, and said it commanded the Al Fajr Brigade and "a group Chechen emigrants," in a statement published on jihadist websites today. The statement was obtained and translated by the SITE Intelligence Group. Video of Al Nusrah and Free Syrian Army fighters roaming the military installation, with Scud ballistic missiles and anti-aircraft missiles in full view, was posted on the Internet last week [see LWJ report, Al Nusrah Front seizes Syrian base in joint operation with Free Syrian Army].

In the statement, the Al Nusrah Front detailed the raids, and said it "had the command and the planning and the participation of the Al Fajr [Dawn] Islamic Movement and the field command of a group of Chechen emigrants."

The Al Fajr Islamic Brigade is a known Free Syrian Army unit; several videos of the group, with the Free Syrian Army logo in the upper right hand corner, have appeared on the Internet.

The Al Nusrah Front is known to conduct joint operations with the Free Syrian Army, the main group in Syria that is held up as the secular opposition to the Assad regime. In August, Al Nusrah said it attacked a police station outside of Damascus along with the Al Sahaba Battalion, a unit of the Free Syrian Army that operates in the capital. According to The Guardian, jihadist groups such as Al Nusrah have become more appealing to Syrian rebels as they are better organized and have expertise from waging jihad in Iraq and elsewhere, and have integrated their operations with the Free Syrian Army.

The "group of Chechen emigrants" has not been linked to a specific group, but the fighters may be members of the Islamic Caucasus Emirates, the al Qaeda-linked group that is waging jihad against the Russians in the Caucasus and has conducted terror attacks in Moscow. Chechens are also occasionally spotted on the battlefields in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Foreign jihadists have begun to pour into Syria to wage jihad against Assad's regime. Fighters from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and the Palestinian Territories are known to have been killed in Syria.

Jihadists from the UK may be flocking to the Syrian battlefields as well. Earlier this week, The Times reported that authorities had identified a Bangladeshi resident of London as the leader of a group of British jihadists seeking to fight in Syria. Scotland Yard has seized computers and mobile phones from members of the group, which consists mainly of Londoners and includes seasoned Chechen fighters.

Details of the raid

In the statement, Al Nusrah claimed that it conducted "monitoring and surveillance of the brigade [606 Rocket Brigade] for more than one month" before launching the attack. The group's commanders decided to launch the attack "in light of intelligence information that came to us from inside the brigade that noted the presence of a small number of Nusayri [Alawhite] enemy soldiers, estimated to be 50."

The Al Nusrah commanders planned and execute a three-pronged assault, which began "under the cover of darkness." The assault started with a mortar bombardment, and was followed by the ground attack. Two of the assault teams penetrated the main gate, and proceeded to take control of the base even as they came under fire from Syrian Army attack helicopters and warplanes. Al Nusrah claimed that the Syrian soldiers abandoned the base.

The fighters proceeded to loot the base of weapons, ammunition, and supplies, and "vandalized everything the enemy could use to rehabilitate the brigade or use against Muslims."

"All the tents, officers, rooms, dormitories and warehouses were burned after their contents were taken," the statement said. "All the armored vehicles and secondary radars were burned, and the main radar and the rockets were booby-trapped."

The Al Nusrah Front, the Al Fajr Brigade, and Chechen fighters left the base in the morning before the Syrian Air Force could mount a counterattack.

Background on Al Nusrah Front activity in Syria

The Al Nusrah Front has conducted numerous suicide attacks and complex military operations against the Syrian military over the past 10 months. Additionally, Al Nusrah has claimed credit for hundreds of conventional attacks.

The group has now claimed credit for 31 of the 38 suicide bombings in Syria that the The Long War Journal has tallied since December 2011. Since the end of August, Al Nusrah has claimed credit for launching 13 suicide attacks. For more information on the suicide attacks in Syria, see LWJ report, Suicide bombings become commonplace in Syria , and Threat Matrix report Al Nusrah Front claims 4 more suicide attacks in Syria.

The al Qaeda-linked group has conducted several sophisticated attacks in Syria since it announced its presence earlier this year. Al Nusrah has claimed it executed the June 1 suicide assault on the Syrian military at a camp in Idlib, as well as a complex attack at the airport at Abu Kamal on Sept. 4.

The last complex suicide attack occurred on Oct. 9, when Al Nusrah forces attacked the Air Force Intelligence branch in Harasta on the outskirts of Damascus. Two suicide bombers struck the base within 25 minutes of each other, then Al Nusrah fighters launched a mortar attack as recovery operations were underway. The previous complex attack took place on Sept. 26, when an assault team detonated a suicide car bomb outside the Army headquarters in central Damascus and a five-man team then entered the headquarters and battled with security guards. Also, on Oct. 3, Al Nusrah launched two suicide attacks and two car bomb attacks against different military targets in Aleppo.

Besides the Al Nusrah Front, other al Qaeda-affiliated groups, such as Al Qaeda in Iraq and the Abdullah Azzam Brigades, also operate in Syria. In addition, still other al Qaeda-style groups, such as the Al Baraa Ibn Malik Martyrdom Brigade, which has claimed that it will use suicide attacks, and the Omar al Farouq Brigade, have appeared in Syria as well.



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READER COMMENTS: "Al Nusrah Front commanded Free Syrian Army unit, 'Chechen emigrants,' in assault on Syrian air defense base"

Posted by Gerald at October 19, 2012 1:33 PM ET:

At least they are not killing Americans. And as far as the Rebels go they were pretty desperate for help from they rest of the world. I suppose they should have kept being nobly slaughtered until the West finally decided to help. They just grabbed the first lifeline available.

Posted by solidpoint at October 19, 2012 1:54 PM ET:

We seem to be pursuing a policy of "let all the crazies kill each other off" before stepping in to try to set up a democratic government. It might work.

We tried this the other way around in Iraq, and that didn't work very well.

Posted by solidpoint at October 19, 2012 1:58 PM ET:

Interesting that Russia seems once again to be fighting a proxy war with jihadis. You'd think after Afghanistan and Chechnya they'd have learned their lesson.

At least the thug countries of the world have outed themselves as such - Communist China, Putinistan (aka Russia), and Iran.

Posted by Dave at October 19, 2012 6:17 PM ET:

Bill, how does a group earn the characterization, "al Qaeda-linked?"

In an article about Malala Yousufzai, a Pakistani journalist (under threat for reporting the Malala story) defined "Jihad" as meaning a "religious struggle" to most Muslims, but meaning "violence to enforce your religious views" to the Taliban. I presume your use of the term "Jihadist" is aligned with the latter.

Al Nusrah is appearing more and more often in a growing leadership role, and they are not the guys we would want to run the post-revolution Syria.

Posted by mike merlo at October 20, 2012 3:41 PM ET:

@Dave
For one to fully appreciate what is Jihad it is best recognized as that which is the daily & lengthy tensions/struggles one encounters in one's life be they of they of reason, matters grounded in the temporal, or the material world of man and or nature. It is not possible for any Muslim not to be living or existing in some manner of interaction with Jihad. Jihad is their 'Everything.'

Posted by mike merlo at October 20, 2012 3:43 PM ET:

@solidpoint
"..seems once again...," when have the Russians not been going toe to toe with the Muslims

Posted by solidpoint at October 20, 2012 8:31 PM ET:

It's tempting, per Gerald's point, to say the US should be providing more leadership, but on the other hand, both in Syria and Libya, it's clear that most of the NATO countries have under-invested in defense for so long they can't fight their way out of a wet paper bag.

It's really pathetic to see how inept and prostrate Europe is. The Saudis are also making a very poor showing, and have backed away from even the lukewarm support of the FSA early this summer.

Perhaps Turkey, maybe with some very pointed comments from the US, can shame the Euroweenies into manning up and creating a credible defense against, say, a missile attack from Iran, Pakistan, Hezbollah, or a radicalized Syria.

Europe's strategy of letting US and Russian nukes fly over them as a form of defense has not only worn thin, it's completely broken and dangerous to Europe and the world. Syria is a European problem, and it's just pathetic that Europe is too weak to pee into a can on a windy day.

Posted by Honza Prchal at October 20, 2012 9:37 PM ET:

Jordan is full of Chechen emigrants. Depending on how they use the term (a lot of folks use it for generations) they may be referring to the massive population of Chechens in what is now Jordan since they were expelled by the Czars.
One of the drawbacks of not handing out aid to rebel movements directly, is that our proxies, the ISI in the 1980s in Afghanistan and the Gulf Arab states plus Turkey now in Syria get to chose whom we are supplying.

Posted by Tony Buzan at October 20, 2012 10:19 PM ET:

Gerald, as for these pigs "not killing Americans" I would simply say, "Not Yet."

It's time to connect the dots.

Posted by Lee Jay Walker at October 21, 2012 7:47 AM ET:

Chechen Islamists were given support and had bases in two pro-US nations in Turkey and Georgia. These Chechens and obviously anti-Russian Federation. Also, we know that the reason for taking out such weapons is based on objectives which are in line with Turkey.